Answer:  Yes, CO2 sequestration is indeed a real thing. It refers to the process of capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from various sources and storing them in a way that prevents their release into the atmosphere, where they would contribute to global warming and climate change.

The primary goal of CO2 sequestration is to mitigate the impact of greenhouse gas emissions on the Earth’s climate by reducing the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere. This can be achieved through various methods, including:

  1. Carbon capture and storage (CCS): This involves capturing CO2 emissions from industrial processes or power plants before they are released into the air and then storing the captured CO2 in underground geological formations, such as depleted oil and gas reservoirs, saline aquifers, or coal seams.
  2. Afforestation and reforestation: Planting new forests (afforestation) and restoring degraded forests (reforestation) can help absorb CO2 from the atmosphere as trees and other vegetation use it during photosynthesis.
  3. Ocean carbon sequestration: The world’s oceans naturally absorb CO2 from the atmosphere. Enhancing this process involves promoting the growth of marine algae or using various methods to enhance the ocean’s ability to absorb and store CO2.
  4. Carbon mineralization: Certain types of rocks can chemically react with CO2 to form stable carbonates, locking away the carbon in a solid mineral form.
  5. Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS): This combines bioenergy production, such as burning biomass, with carbon capture and storage. The CO2 released during bioenergy production is captured and stored, resulting in negative emissions.

CO2 sequestration is considered an essential part of global efforts to combat climate change and limit global warming. By reducing the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere, we can help slow down the pace of climate change and its associated impacts on the environment and society. While these technologies and practices are promising, their implementation and scalability are still subjects of ongoing research and development.

Another Question:  In regard to this answer explain this: mitigate the impact of greenhouse gas emissions on the Earth’s climate?

To “mitigate the impact of greenhouse gas emissions on the Earth’s climate” means to take actions and implement strategies to reduce or minimize the adverse effects that greenhouse gas emissions have on the Earth’s climate system.

Greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and others, are naturally present in the Earth’s atmosphere and play a crucial role in maintaining a habitable climate. They trap heat from the sun, preventing it from escaping back into space, which keeps the planet warm enough to support life. This natural greenhouse effect is essential for life as we know it.

However, human activities, particularly the burning of fossil fuels (coal, oil, and natural gas), deforestation, industrial processes, and agricultural practices, have significantly increased the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This enhanced greenhouse effect has led to an imbalance, trapping more heat than the Earth’s natural systems can handle. Consequently, the planet is experiencing global warming, leading to various adverse impacts, including:

  1. Rising global temperatures: Average temperatures around the world have been increasing, causing changes in weather patterns, more frequent and severe heatwaves, and shifts in ecosystems.
  2. Melting ice and rising sea levels: Glaciers and ice sheets are melting at an accelerated rate, contributing to rising sea levels, which can lead to coastal flooding and erosion.
  3. Ocean acidification: Increased CO2 in the atmosphere also leads to more CO2 being absorbed by the oceans, causing the water to become more acidic, which can harm marine life, particularly organisms with calcium carbonate shells.
  4. Extreme weather events: Global warming can influence the intensity and frequency of extreme weather events like hurricanes, droughts, and heavy rainfall events.

Mitigating the impact of greenhouse gas emissions involves implementing various measures to reduce the rate of emissions and enhance the removal of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. Some key mitigation strategies include:

  1. Transitioning to renewable energy sources: Promoting the use of clean energy sources like solar, wind, hydro, and geothermal power reduces the reliance on fossil fuels and decreases CO2 emissions from the energy sector.
  2. Improving energy efficiency: Enhancing energy efficiency in buildings, transportation, and industries helps reduce energy consumption and, consequently, greenhouse gas emissions.
  3. Carbon capture and storage (CCS): As mentioned earlier, capturing CO2 emissions from industrial processes and power plants and storing them underground prevents their release into the atmosphere.
  4. Afforestation and reforestation: Planting trees and restoring forests helps sequester CO2 from the atmosphere, as trees absorb CO2 during photosynthesis.
  5. Sustainable agriculture and land-use practices: Implementing practices that reduce emissions from agriculture and manage land use in a way that enhances carbon sequestration can make a significant impact.

By mitigating the impact of greenhouse gas emissions, we aim to slow down the pace of climate change, reduce the severity of its consequences, and protect the environment and human societies from its potentially devastating effects.


This is pulled from our new Climate Emergency Dialogue and Self-Education Center.  See blog post about this at shortly.